If you happened to be black in the 1950s, travel was a challenge. Discrimination, refusal of service, and even threats of violence had to be factored in. Because of this, Victor Hugo Green created a guidebook called the Negro Motorists Green Book, which listed lodging, eateries, and gas stations across the country that were available to black travelers.
Published between 1937 and 1967, entries for Rochester included the Avalon Hotel and the De Luxe Motor Court, which is shown here just off Highway 52 in 1958.
To learn more about the Green Book, Rochester’s place in this history, and the experiences of black travelers, visit the History Center of Olmsted County’s new exhibit, Traveling While Black, opening on Feb. 1.